Drowning death charges are three to four times lower in states that regulate swimming in oceans, rivers, and lakes, U.S. research suggests.
Researchers examined data on so-called open-water drownings for all 50 states from 2012 to 2017. They also looked at laws in 30 states in 2017 for things like lifeguards, rescue equipment, warning indicators, tracking and reporting issues of safety, and water quality.
States without any such regulations had open-water drowning demise rates three times greater among kids and teens. 4.2 times larger among non-white residents compared with states with rules covering all five of these factors, the study discovered.
Open-water areas like lakes, rivers, and oceans are the most typical sites for drownings among people over age 5, researchers observe in Injury Prevention.
States and local communities have carried out a wide range of controls to try to lower drownings, along with marking off designated areas for swimming and posting signboards advising against swimming when lifeguards aren’t on duty.
For the latest study, researchers focused on the connection between legislation and open-water drowning-demise rates in the 20 states with the highest rates and the 10 with the lowest rates.
During 2012-2017, 10,839 people drowned in open waters in these 30 states.
Solely 12 of the 30 states had laws for open-water swim websites. Solely four – Illinois, New York, West Virginia, and New Jersey – had four or five rules in place.